in windows you need such tools as Daemon tools , Alcohol 120 etc to accomplish the same. In Linux it's a lot simpler. ISO images can be mounted without any additional tools. MDF images can also be mounted but they first need to be converted to an ISO file. To convert an MDF image to an ISO image use the mdf2iso tool which you can download from your distributions repository. eg yum install mdf2iso if you use a Red Hat derivative distro. Or apt-get install mdf2iso if you use a debian one. Once you convert the MDF file to an ISO you simply use the mount command to mount the image.
mount -t iso9660 -o loop
the loop option mounts the iso as a loopback device. This is neccassery when you are mounting a file of another file system in this case an iso file
mount -t iso9660 -o loop /home/cgerada/films/the_dark_Knight.iso /mnt/image
The ‘-t’ option specifies the file type - this is optional, Linux is intelligent enough to see that the image you are mounting is of the iso9660 file type so you could just as well type.
mount -o loop /home/cgerada/films/the_dark_knight.iso /mnt/image
then cd into the /mnt/image directory to use the files ie cd /mnt/image.
To convert an MDF (alcohol 120) file to an ISO
type mdf2iso filename.mdf newfilename.iso
and then mount the ISO file.